The Complete Geology Career Guide

Geology CareersAccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment growth for geoscientists is projected to be 21% between 2010 and 2020. This is not the only geology career that is seeing a significant growth like this, making now the perfect time to get involved with this profession. If you have not explored a career in geology yet, now may be the perfect time to do so. Lucky for you, has compiled a list of resources from the World Wide Web that might help you understand this career field a little better.

Check out some of the following links to learn more about geology careers. Then you can determine if you are cut out for one of them in the future.

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General Resources for Geology Careers

Geology is scientific study of the history, origin, and physical traits of the Earth. Geologists work every day to help other scientists predict natural disasters, find natural resources, and potentially change the climate for the better. These men and women know the ins and outs of the Earth, and they use that knowledge to help other people interact with it.

To give you a better understanding of this career and the education it takes to get involved with it, check out the link list below. These resources should give you a good idea of the overall goals of geology careers:

  • Education and Training: This is a link from the Bureau of Labor Statistics that explains the education, training, and qualifications necessary for geology careers.
  • Why Study Ecology?: This is an article from Hartwick College that goes over the benefits of choosing a career in ecology.
  • Career Overview: This is a comprehensive overview of geology careers, courtesy of Saddleback College. It explains the nature of work in their field and the training you might have to go through for it.
  • Career Options: This is a list from the University of Akron that explains the different kinds of careers that can come with a degree in geology.

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Engineering Geology

Engineering geology involves the application of engineering principles into the field of geology. Geologists in this profession act as consultants for architects, civil engineers, and developers during construction projects that require extensive excavation. They ensure the excavations still allow for a balance in the geologic factors of the area. Here are some links to better explain engineering geology:

  • What is Engineering Geology?: This is a PDF from the University of Connecticut’s School of Engineering. It goes over the work involved with the study of engineering geology, as well as the important role this field plays in the job force as a whole.
  • Career Opportunities: this is a resource from the Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists of San Francisco that showcases common jobs for people in this field.

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Hydrogeology is the study of water in the geological system. Specifically, this field focuses on the movement of groundwater through rock and soil. The primary goal of a hydrogeologist is to provide ways for people to get clean groundwater for their homes. This professional may also assist in the cleanup of chemical spills that may contaminate the water supply. Here are some links to better explain hydrogeology:

  • What is Hydrogeology?: This is an article from Purdue University that explains what hydrogeology is in detail. It has one section in particular that is devoted to the movement of groundwater in the earth.
  • Career Information: This is a resource from the Missouri Water Resource Center and the U.S. Geological Survey. It explains the work required for a career in hydrology, which is a sister study to hydrogeology. This site also goes over benefits, job qualifications, starting salaries, and special employment authorities.
  • Career Opportunities: This is a list of job postings for people in the field of hydrogeology.

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Mineralogy is the study of minerals on Earth. Minerals aim to analyze, identify, and harvest minerals for uses across the economy. Common job duties for this profession include: working for mining companies, creating maps of potential deposits, and appraising the value of jewels. Here are some links to better explain mineralogy:

  • What is Mineralogy?: This is a resource from Indiana University that explains mineralogy in detail. It goes over the purpose of this profession and some common careers associated with it.
  • Career Information: This is a resource from the Mineralogical Society of America that provides general information about mineral careers. It explains the job duties associated with this career and the training you will need to go through to get involved with it.
  • Career Opportunities: This is a page on that shows some of the careers available in mineralogy.

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Paleontology is the study fossils. This field is used to understand the history of the earth and the evolution it is currently going through. Paleontologists study ancient rocks, dinosaur bones, fossils, artifacts, and more to create a timeline for Earth in the past. Here are some links to better explain paleontology:

  • What is Paleontology?: This is an introductory article from the University of California Museum of Paleontology that answers common questions about the field of paleontology.
  • Career Information: This link is from the Paleontological Research Institution. It provides an in-depth look at careers in paleontology, including common courses in paleontology degrees and places of work for the profession.
  • Career Opportunities: This is a link to the jobs page at PaleoNet. There you will find current jobs available in this field.

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Petroleum Geology

Petroleum geology is the study of hydrocarbon fuel deposits. In most cases, this will involve finding a proper place for an oil or gas company to drill into the ground. Petroleum geologists work for oil companies, government offices, and private consulting firms. They must have an extensive knowledge of the structure of the earth and its crust. Here are some links to better explain petroleum geology:

  • What is Petroleum Geology?: This resource goes over the basics involved with petroleum geology, as explained by actual geologists in the field. It should answer any general questions you may have.
  • Career Information: This is a resource from the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. It goes over the careers involved with this field, including information on the training you may need to go through to find a job in the future.
  • Career Opportunities: This is a job board from Engineering Jobs North America. It has postings for oil rig jobs, drilling jobs, and other petroleum geologist positions.

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Seismology is the scientific study of earthquakes and seismic waves. This field focuses on the planet’s tectonic plate movements, interior structure, and other elements to create geological maps. Most seismologists work for petroleum companies or data processing centers. Here are some links to better explain seismology:

  • What is Seismology?: This is a resource from the Seismological Society of America. It goes over the field as a whole and what it takes to work within it.
  • Career Information: This is a publication from Natural Resources Canada that provides detailed information about the work of a seismologis.
  • Career Opportunities: This is a link to the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). This site lists open job positions at IRIS related to seismology.

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Volcanology is the study of volcanoes and the structures within them. Volcanologists analyze samples of magma, lava, and other geological phenomena to understand how volcanoes work and predict when they may erupt in the future. These people often find employment as consultants for emergency planners. Here are some links to better explain volcanology:

  • What is Volcanology?: This is a resource from the U.S. Geological Survey. It explains volcanology as a whole, and it features an FAQ section with answers to common questions about the field.
  • Career Information: This is a resource from Oregon State University that explains the work involved with this sector of geology. It goes over the job duties for volcanologists and the education program you may have to of through to work as one.
  • Career Opportunities: This is a link from the U.S. Geological Survey that goes over the many job opportunities available for volcanologists in the modern world.

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